Friday, August 31, 2012

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Malaria

1. Malaria


What is Malaria?


Malaria is an infection caused by single-celled parasites that enter the blood through the bite of an Anopheles mosquito.

Symptoms of Malaria

Symptoms of malaria can begin as early as six to eight days after a bite by an infected mosquito. They include:

• High fever (up to 105 degrees Fahrenheit) with shaking chills

• Profuse sweating when the fever suddenly drops

• Fatigue

• Headache

• Muscle aches

• Abdominal discomfort

• Nausea, vomiting

• Feeling faint when you stand up or sit up quickly

Treatment of Malaria

Malaria is treated with antimalarial drugs and measures to control symptoms, including medications to control fever, antiseizure medications when needed, fluids and electrolytes. The type of medications that are used to treat malaria depends on the severity of the disease and the likelihood of chloroquine resistance.

The drugs most commonly used include chloroquine, quinidine (Cardioquin, Quinaglute Dura-Tabs, Quinidex Extentabs, Quin-Release), atovaquone (Mepron), proguanil (sold as a generic), mefloquine, clindamycin (Cleocin) and doxycycline.

For pregnant women, chloroquine is the preferred treatment for malaria. Quinine, proguanil and clindamycin typically are used for pregnant people with malaria that is resistant to chloroquine.

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