Showing posts from July, 2012

Hip Ligaments


Rotator cuff


Ligaments of spine


A mental disorder- Body Integrity Identity Disorder

Body Integrity Identity Disorder (BIID), formerly known as Amputee Identity Disorder, is a psychological disorder wherein sufferers feel they would be happier living as an amputee. It is typically accompanied by the desire to amputate one or more healthy limbs to achieve that end. This situation occurs due to missing maping of the effected part in brain. Individuals with BIID disorder often leads their life in depression, it gives them the feeling as though the effected leg or arm is really not part of their body. Many people with BIID disorder often takes extreme measures in order to get rid of that particular part of their body. In US, the law forbids amputation of any healthy part of the human being and thus doctors hesitate to do such kind of procedures or else their licence would be canceled.

There was an individual known to me with the same kind of disorder, who has lived her whole life with this condition of having a feeling of her right leg being not part of her body. One day w…


What is depression?

Depression is a mental state where you feel depressed and to depress that depression you may cross your limit to end this depression which in turn would make you feel more depressed and more over make your family members too feel depressed thus depression leading to depression and your life becomes depressed again. The best way to treat depression is not to feel depressed even though you are depressed instead make your mind wander the other way and start thinking positive and start thinking about things that you like in your life rather than thinking more about the things that you dont like this makes your mind less depressed and makes you enjoy the life depression free. For getting treatment of your depression you may go to a psychiatrist and he may give you some anti-depressants, but still if your social network comes to know that you are depressed went to a psychiatrist will start making joke of you and again may lead you to depression and again this will lead yo…

Obstructive sleep apnea

Obstructive sleep apnea is characterized by recurrent interruptions of breathing during sleep due to temporary obstruction of the airway by lax, excessively bulky, or malformed pharyngeal tissues (soft palate, uvula, and sometimes tonsils), with resultant hypoxemia and chronic lethargy. Sleep in the supine position predisposes apnic episodes. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), the most common type of sleep-disordered breathing, affects about 4% of men and 2% of women between the ages of 30 and 60. In addition, it occurs in about 2% of children, largely because of reversible adenotonsillar hyperplasia. It must be distinguished from central sleep apnea, in which apneic episodes during sleep result from impairment of the autonomic respiratory drive. Symptoms are loud snoring, recurrent apneic episodes during sleep followed by gasping inspiration with partial or complete arousal, nocturnal restlessness, and daytime sleepiness. Apneic episodes last 10–120 seconds and may be accompanied by sinu…

What is Purpura

A condition characterized by hemorrhage into the skin. Appearance of the lesions varies with the type of purpura, the duration of the lesions, and the acuteness of the onset. The color is first red, gradually darkens to purple, fades to a brownish yellow, and usually disappears in 2–3 weeks; color of residual permanent pigmentation depends largely on the type of unabsorbed pigment of the extravasated blood; extravasations may also occur in the mucous membranes and internal organs.

Common drugs used for Purpura:


Pyelonephritis Drugs

Common Drugs used for Pyelonephritis:

ertapenem sodium

Pancreas and pancreatic cancer

Pancreatic cancer is a malignant tumor within the pancreatic gland.  About 95% of pancreatic tumors are adenocarcinomas; the remaining 5% are pancreatic endocrine tumors.  Diagnosis of pancreatic cancer is difficult because the symptoms are so nonspecific and varied.  Common symptoms include abdominal pain, loss of appetite, significant weight loss, and painless jaundice.  All of these symptoms can be blamed on other causes.  Therefore diagnosis of pancreatic cancer is often late stage in its development.  Jaundice occurs when the tumor grows and pressure obstructs the common bile duct.  Tumors of the head of the pancreas will more easily give rise to such symptoms.  Risk factors for pancreatic cancer include age, male gender, African ethnicity, smoking, diet high in meat, obesity, diabetes.  Chronic pancreatitis has linked to occupational exposure to certain pesticides, dyes and chemicals related to gasoline, family history, and helicobacter pylori infection.

Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative colitis is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that affects the lining of the large intestine, colon and rectum.  Ulcerative colitis symptoms, the symptoms vary in severity and may start slowly or suddenly.  About half of people only have mild symptoms; others have more severe attacks that occur more often.  Many factors can lead to attacks including respiratory infections or physical stress.  Symptoms include abdominal pain and cramping, blood and pus in the stools, diarrhea from very few episodes to very often, weight loss.
Inflammatory bowel disease is a disease of long lasting or chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract.  Inflammation is the result of activation of the immune system and it generally includes five signs of active inflammation, warmth, redness, pain, swelling and loss of function.  In inflammatory bowel disease these symptoms happen in the gastrointestinal tract and cause symptoms in your belly.  We will refer to inflammatory bowel disea…

What is Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a debilitating and painful illness.  Because it affects the body joints, it can have a severe impact on the person’s quality of life.  While doctors are not sure exactly what causes rheumatoid arthritis, they do know it is an autoimmune disease.  Autoimmune disease occurs when the body’s immune system malfunctions, made up of organs, specialized cells, and antibodies.  The immune system acts as a body’s defense.  When a foreign substance such as a virus or bacteria invades the body, the immune system response by bringing in its defenses and eliminating the intruder.  But in people with autoimmune disease, such as rheumatoid arthritis, the immune system turns on itself, for reasons doctors don’t completely understand.  When this occurs, otherwise, healthy parts of the body come under attack.  In cases of rheumatoid arthritis, the faulty immune system targets the tissue another material that makes up our joints.  Rheumatoid arthritis typically begins in hands and…

What is Ankylosing Spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis is a condition, in which the spine becomes inflammed.  Inflammation effects the joints between the vertebrae, causing pain and stiffness and goes on usually from a young adult age life long.  The pain and stiffness is often accompanied by progressive reduction in movement or flexibility of the back.  In some people with Ankylosing spondylitis also have involvement of other tissues, they may have inflammation of other joints of the knees and the hips, they may have inflammation episodically, in the eyes, iritis, or uveitis.  It can also devleop soriasis or flaky skin rash, or inflammatory bowel disease.  There are no completely acurate figures just how common this disease is, but it probably effects between 2 or 5 adults per thousand.  Anyone can be effected by Ankylosing spondylitis both men and women, in practice it is more common in people age between 18 and 30.  it does occur later in life.  When Ankylosing spondylitis begins, the common symptoms that people…

Liver and Ligaments of liver